englischThis conference took place in the context of the 3rd World Festival of Traditional Sports and Games in Hannover and continued the tradition of the scientific congresses which have accompanied these festivals in Bonn and Bangkok. This convention took advantage of the already existing knowledge and presented further research on the development, current situation and perspectives of traditional games, set against the background of transformation processes in society. Besides, sport political and practical conclusions were drawn from the scientific investigations and reflections. One of the focal points of this proceedings is the development of traditional sports and games in the new millennium. In this context, major questions refer to processes of interdependence and transformation in the conflict zone between traditional sports and traditional physical activities, on the one hand, and individual needs and conditions of society, on the other. Furthermore, specific topics neglected so far, such as using traditional sports and games for different target groups, are discussed. This book contains 28 papers; among others from Lamartine Dacosta, Gudrun Doll-Tepper, Annelise Goslin, Joe Maguire, Floris van der Merwe, Jorn Moller, Roland Naul, Jürgen Palm, Roland Renson, and Leif Yttergren.