englischTwo questions command Plato's scrutiny of pleasure in the dialogues: what is pleasure? What its place is in the happy human life? The attempts to anwer the first one have originated a platonic physics, physiology, psychology and ontology of pleasure, which have paved the way to an epistemology of it. In each of these levels, the being of pleasure acquires form through its relations: with pain, with desire, with opinion, etc. The attempts for solving the second question have generated a platonic ethics, politics and pedagogy of pleasure. A real or merely apparent hedonism alternate in the dialogues with a real or merely apparent anti-hedonism of several kinds. Is there in Plato a way of overcoming this puzzling tension? This examination is a first attempt of approching Plato's analysis of pleasure in its broadest terms.
Reviews: In this magisterial and elegant study, Bravo interprets and defends Plato's layered definition of pleasure and Plato's apparently conflicted view of hedonism. The content of the book makes definitive contributions to the study of Plato, the nature of pleasure, and hedonism. The subject and method of the book make it an excellent introduction to Plato's ethics and metaphysics for advanced students in any discipline ... Part 3 is the most careful comprehensive, and convincing development of the hedonist reading available ... Bravo makes a convincing case that it is the best interpretation we can give to these later dialogues. With hedonism, therefore, as with false pleasure. Bravo's work must be the starting point for future discussion of Plato. (Ancient Philosophy 26, 2006)