englischThe Turkic world has undergone a variety of changes during the last three decades which has led to a more open and civil society. Simultaneously, Turkey faced a new wave of re-Islamization. However, even Islamist groups in Turkey have taken part in the processes of modernization and globalization. This transformation has not only affected ways of thinking and interpreting the world, it has also changed personal tastes and patterns of consumption. This globalization can also be felt in contemporary Turkish literature. Non-Muslims in Turkey and Turkish communities across the globe also exhibit changes which arouse attention, e. g. the Gagauzes, the Tyvans and the Salars, whom are discussed in this book.