Der vorliegende Band beschäftigt sich mit der zunehmenden Beteiligung von überparteilichen Akteuren bei Wahlen. Dabei greifen Interessengruppen, Bürger und bestimmte politische Institutionen in die Auswahl der Kandidaten und die Wahlkampagne selbst ein. Manchmal tun sie dies, um das Wahlergebnis zu beeinflussen, manchmal aber auch, um die Qualität des Wahlprozesses selbst aufzubessern.
englischThe contemporary electoral process is in many ways far more complex than it used to be. This book focuses on the growing involvement of non-party actors in the process of selecting candidates and during the campaign itself.
These actors – interest groups, individual citizens, even certain political institutions – operate in the campaign environment independently of the parties and their candidates. They are not seeking to attain public office; nevertheless, they interfere in the electoral process in growing numbers, and with increasing intensity, for the most part seeking to influence electoral outcomes to their advantage, but on occasions also for less selfish reasons, such as increasing the quality of the electoral process itself.
Encompassing a broad range of countries, including several old democracies (the United States, Germany, Britain, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Israel, and others), but also one new democracy (Romania), and combining extensive surveys with detailed case studies of recent elections, the chapters in this volume take stock of this new feature in the contemporary electoral process, its origins, forms, and consequences.